*Definitions: E-waste World Map
Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a measure of the relative value of currencies and the purchasing power of consumers in different countries. PPP is calculated based on the amount of money needed in each country to purchase a fixed basket of goods and services. PPP is useful in converting disparate currencies into comparable units, which allows for more accurate assessments of the countries' relative GDPs. Data is derived from EU PPP.
WEEE vs EEE correlations - WEEE estimates are often too high for less saturated markets. No WEEE Generated data are available for countries with GDPs of less than 15,000 USD per Inhabitant.
Data refers to domestic generation only, thus excluding import and export of EEE, WEEE, components and fractions.
The definitions of EEE and WEEE include all EU WEEE Directive categories and products, including ALL professional, ALL B2B and ALL small appliances.
The country-level data are derived from the overall global correlations.
Country-specific factors like cultural attitude towards consuming and discarding EEE are not taken into account. *Sources for these calculations are:
Huisman, J., Luepschen, C., Wang, F., WEEE recast: How to avoid another 'paper' collection target?, Proceedings of the 2011 International Electronics Recycling Conference, Salzburg, Austria, January 2011 Huisman, J., Luepschen, C., Wang, F., E-waste - How to address the size of the problem? Proceedings of the Care Innovation 2010 Conference, Vienna, Austria, November 2010 Huisman, J., Magalini, F., et al. (2008). Review of Directive 2002/96 on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE). Bonn, Germany, United Nations University.
Huisman, J. (2010).WEEE recast: from 4kg to 65%: the compliance consequences (expert opinion report on WEEE recast). United Nations University. Bonn, Germany. Available through firstname.lastname@example.org
WEEE Forum Key Figures 2006 -2009, Available through: http://www.weee-forum.org
, WEEE Forum Brussels, 2010.
WEEE Forum Annual report 2009, WEEE Forum, Brussels, 2010.
IMF (International Money Fund), 2010. World Economic Outlook Database, International Money Fund.
Schluep, M., Hagelueken, C., et al. 2009. Recycling: From e-waste to resource, United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) and Solving the E-waste Problem (StEP).
Deepali, S.K., Kraeuchi, P., Schwaninger, M., A comparison of electronic waste recycling in Switzerland and in India, Environmental Impact Assessment Review (25), pp 492-504, 2005 Yu, J., Williams, E., Ju, M., Yang, Y., Forecasting Global Generation of Obsolete Personal Computers, Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 44, Nr. 9, pp 3232-3237, 2010 Walk, W., Forecasting quantities of disused household CRT appliances - A regional case study approach and its application to Baden - Württemberg, Waste Management (29) pp 945-951, 2009 Yang, J., Lu, B., Xu, C. (2008). WEEE flow and mitigating measures in China. Waste Management (28): 1589-1597.
Eijsbouts, R.,J.,J., Witteveen+Bos Research into complementary waste streams for e-waste in the Netherlands for NVMP and ICT Environment, April 2008, The Netherlands International Telecommunication Union, Measuring the Information Society, The ICT Development Index, 2009, Geneva, Switzerland, 2009 The Nordic Council, Method to measure the amount of WEEE generated, TemaNord 2009:548, ISBN 978-92-893-1884-6, Nordic Council of Ministers, Copenhagen 2009 And various national registers like: http://www.bmu.de/files/pdfs/allgemein/application/pdf/daten_elektrogeraete_2007_2008_bf.pdfhttp://www.wecycle.nl/uploads/futureflows/Press/Report_Dutch_WEEE_Flows.pdfhttp://www.environment-agency.gov.uk/business/topics/waste/111016.aspx http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/waste/data/wastestreams/weee