PhD thesis on Material Flows

This PhD Thesis at Empa and ETH Zurich will develop a methodology to dynamically model the spatial distribution of anthropogenic critical metals stocks and flows. The thesis will contribute to the objectives of Step through the provision of knowledge on the quantity and location of relevant products in use, as well as the quantity, location and pathways of input and output flows. This knowledge provides a basis to develop appropriate reverse supply chains and recycling systems. 

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